Which of the following symptoms are associated with fetal alcohol syndrome quizlet?
- Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip.
- Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers.
- Slow physical growth before and after birth.
- Vision difficulties or hearing problems.
What are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome in adults?
Mental Health and Behavioral Struggles in Adults with FAS
- Problems with attention, distraction, learning and memory.
- Decision-making and planning problems.
- Externalizing problems, such as aggression.
- Internalizing problems, such as depression, anxiety, social anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Which of these are possible effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central nervous system complications, poor motor skills, mortality, and difficulty with learning, memory, social interaction, attention span, problem solving, …
What are the 4 criteria necessary for a fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosis?
The four broad areas of clinical features that constitute the diagnosis of FAS have remained essentially the same since first described in 1973: selected facial malformations, growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) abnormalities, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
What is fetal alcohol syndrome in psychology?
FAS is a set of mental and physical disorders that can include mental retardation, brain dysfunction, physical abnormalities, learning disabilities, and psychological disorders. FAS occurs as a result of prenatal exposure to alcohol.
Can fetal alcohol syndrome cause Down syndrome?
Five cases of Down syndrome in association with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) are described. Four of the babies were full term, one was premature. Phenotypically these babies (3M:2F) had manifestations of both Down syndrome and FAS; growth deficiency was more pronounced than is expected in Down syndrome.
What are 5 signs and symptoms of FASDs?
Signs and Symptoms
- Low body weight.
- Poor coordination.
- Hyperactive behavior.
- Difficulty with attention.
- Poor memory.
- Difficulty in school (especially with math)
- Learning disabilities.
- Speech and language delays.
When is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome diagnosed?
In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age. 3 Facial abnormalities observed in affected children are the key cluster of physical features of FAS.
How does fetal alcohol syndrome occur?
FASDs happen when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. Like other drugs, alcohol can pass from the mother’s blood through the placenta to the baby. Alcohol is broken down more slowly in the baby than in an adult.
How does fetal alcohol effect differ from fetal alcohol syndrome?
Fetal alcohol syndrome occurs when the mother drinks a large amount of alcohol during her pregnancy. Mothers who drink on a regular basis or engage in binge drinking often have their children develop FAS. Fetal alcohol effects occur when only a moderate amount of alcohol was consumed during pregnancy.
Is fetal alcohol syndrome in the DSM 5?
Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) is a new psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM–5. It requires evidence of both prenatal alcohol exposure and CNS involvement, as indicated by impairments in the following three areas: cognition, self-regulation, and adaptive functioning.
Which neonatal behavior is most commonly associated with fetal alcohol syndrome FAS?
Babies or children with FASDs may have: Slow fetal growth and low birth weight. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms in newborns (such as high-pitched cry, jitteriness, and seizures) Sleep and sucking problems in infancy.
What are the four 4 types of FASDs?
Four diagnoses fall under the umbrella of FASD: FAS, Partial FAS, Static Encephalopathy/Alcohol Exposed (SE/AE) and Neurobehavioral Disorder/Alcohol Exposed (ND/AE).